JPRS 79131

2 October 1981

Sub-Saharan Africa Report

No. 2496



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No. 2496


INTER-AFRICAN AFFAIRS Briefs Protest on Refugee Decision Paris-Published Daily Closing ANGOLA

Briefs Bulgarian Relief Aid


Briefs Military Appointments


Corruption Called ‘Endemic at All Levels'

(Bernard Degioanni; AFP, 20 Sep 81) .....


Briefs Battle Victories


Briefs Cooperation With Belgium Discussed

GHANA Briefs

Boycott of U.S. Olympics Government Projects Budget Losses

JPRS 79131

2 October 1981

[III - NE & A = 120]


Citizens Express Concerns to Party Delegation (Abidjan Domestic Service, 21 Sep 81) ...cccccecsccccccecs

Cooperation Talks With Senegal End (Abidjan Domestic Service, 18 Sep 81) ....ccecceeccccesecs

Paper Reports on Coffee Talks in London (FRATERNITE MATIN, 18 Sep 81) eeeeseeeeeowoeeneesesae*weesaeeeweee*eesne#ee#nee#eeee#e

Radio Scores Reuter Report on Coffee Production (Abidjan Domestic Service, 22 Sep 81) .....cccccccsccseces

Briefs Oil Exploration Agreement


Briefs Exchange Programs With Somalia


High Court Suspends Hearings Indefinitely (Radio ELWA, 10 Sep 81) e*eeeeeseeeeeaeenaevae#ee#eseeweeeewene eee eee eee ee 6 @

Briefs Ambassador's Remarks on USSR Relations Selling Price of Rice MADAGASCAR Briefs

Marovoay Moslems

MALI Traore Comments on Relations With United States (Bamako Domestic Service, 18 Sep 81) ....ccccsceccsssccees President Traore Addresses Diplomatic Corps (Bamako Domestic Service, 21 Sep 81) ...scecccscccccceees National Assembly Begins Extraordinary Session (Bamako Domestic Service, 17 Sep 81) ....ccccsccccccceeees Briefs Message From Cape Verde Leader NIGER Briefs

Communique on National Budget Loan Agreements With Canada

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17 17





26 26



Ivory Coast's Oil To Be Purchased


Government Looking for Answer to Tourism Decline

(Francois Robinet; AFP, 20 Sep 81) .......eeeeeees


President's 21 August Speech on Economy, Budget (Milton Obote; Kampala Domestic Service, 21 Aug 81) .......

Briefs Coffee Quota Exceeded U.S. Planes in Kenya

Ministerial Meeting With Rwanda

Border Talks With Zaire


Briefs Multination Tour Ends ZAIRE Briefs President Attacks Catholic Clergy Mobutu on ‘Authenticity’ Colloquium Youth Against Religious ‘Outlaws' ZIMBABWE

Prime Minister Begins Visit to Scandinavia (Salisbury Domestic Service, 22 Sep 81) .......

No Split in Party Ranks--Zvobgo (THE HERALD, 19 Sep 81)

ZANU (PF)'s High Command Scrapped

(THE HERALD, 19 Sep 81)

Divisive Criticism of Fifth Brigade Deplored

(Editorial; THE HERALD, 15 Sep 81) ....... Lecce

Ian Smith's Demagoguery, Ignorance’ Scored

(Editorial; THE HERALD, 18 Sep 81)

Financing of Increased Secondary Education Planned

(THE HERALD, 19 Sep 81)

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33 33 34 34











Zvobgo Fires Tafara Board Official (THE HERALD, 18 Sep 81) *eseseeeeseeseeeee#eeseseesensneownseewee*~wsewne ewe see

,Sacking of 'UMTALI POST' Editor Causes Controversy CTHR MERALD, 18, 19 Sep Gl) cccrccccccsccccsccccccccseoes

Heated Debate Resignation Offered

President Warns Reactionaries ' Coes CG Ue ED “hb 05. b50 004066 0.0ddw beeewes ts eeneee

Minister Attempts To Curb Inflation CTU HERALD, 20; 2D GOP BE) ce csacsedecccccncccsccceeonse

Bank Rate Increased Poorest Hit

Summit With S.A. Rejected, Flow of Petrol Reported (THE WERALD, 19 Sep GL) crrsircsiccccvrscccscccccsvcceees

State Wants Bigger Stake in Economy ( THE HERALD, 19 Sep 81) e*eeeeee#eeseseeeseeaeeeesee~eseseew ew eesee*menemRmCUMUMMUCUCUCcFhmhUclhlUF

Chidzero Pledges To Cut S.A. Grip (THE HERALD, 19 Sep 81) *eeeeeseesneseseeoeeesaeaeseweeneeseeneewaeee#eeeeoeee#ee#ee#ee#s¢

PSA Chiefs Slam Riddell Wages Plan (THE HERALD, 18 Sep 81) ee@eeeeweeseeseseeeevseeseewsesseeeseeweee*ee*weswn ee ee ee @

We Won't Drop Our Socialist Allies, Says MP , (THE HERALD, 18 Sep 81) TRUTTCUCCLICETELELELELEELETLeTit

End to Visas Being Sought, Says Minister (THE HERALD, 18 Sep GL) cevccccseccccccccvevcevcccesovece

Mugabe Warns Civil Servants Over Loyalty Coes Ge, WS Ga GRP 0 ceeccckeceececceesccescecesecses

Government Plans To Control Price of Commercial Land

Core GED. ED Gow GRP oc ccccves castececsses 5uebedense *4 Plan To Ease Skills Crisis Reported

Sees Sts We NE GED on h.db ooo: 4h6040600000650080 seideen Kangai Calms Hippo Valley Labor Row

(THE MERALD, 16 Sep Bl) ..ccccccccccccccce sbanbectecboeda Kangai Employers Will Be Forced to Africanise ;

Coe Pee, Se OO Re 6bobuseedtcd bb séasexeeses seadende
















Wheat Imports *‘Necessary' To Avoid Shortfall (THE HERALD, 18 Sep 81) eeseeeseeee#ensaeewaeeseewesneaeeeswewaese#ee#enpte#eeseenseeensne#ee#? 66

Nearly $300M Zimcord Aid Committed Coes SEUUEEEs UP WD ED So ceeeexcescocecensecu$0000eeessees 67

Finest Quality Cotton Produced Coe CEG BP SD EP: ccccccneeucancencececeesenegedeeeeer 68

Big Drop in Tourists From South Forecast (THE HERALD, 15 Sap Gl) .nrcccccccccrcccccccccccvccccsccece 69

Railroad Inability To Meet Export Requirements Costly (THE HERALD, 18 Sep 81) *eeeee*#eseseeweswaeseesne#eew#wenaswe ee we eeoewn ew enewmemmseee 70

Furniture 'Racket' Upsets Mugabe

(THE HERALD, 18 Sep 81) ....ccecccceccccccvecs cSbceseebouas 71 Briefs Findings on Ammo Blast 72 Movement of Maize 72 Passports for Kenya 72 MPs Sworn In 73 Hospital Name Changes 73 WFP Buys Maize 73 Unpaid Official 73 Wankie Power Budget 73 Maize Subsidy 74 Expenditure Votes 74 Job Survey 74 Bonn Loan 74 Belgian Visas 75 New Gas Plan 75 Union Chief “me. 75 Power Plant Closure 75 SA Aggression 75 Lisbon Air Link 76 Birth Rate 76 Mugabe Welcomes Danish Aid 76 sae



PROTEST ON REFUGEE DECISION--Paris, 24 Aug (AFP)--The Lumumba Congolese National Movement (MNCL), a Zairian opposition group in exile, on Monday came out against the decision made by Uganda, Zaire, and the Sudan in Khartoum on 20 August to send away all refugees who have settled along their border zones and to encourage their repatriation. In a statement published in Paris, the steering committee of the MNCL asks the Ugandan and Sudanese heads of state not to drive away the Zairian refugees who, according to it, are likely to be massacred on their

return to their country. Delegations of the three countries, during their meet- ing in Khartoum, felt that the presence of refugees along their borders could be a source of conflict and constitute a threat to security. They also stressed the need for a simultaneous disarming of refugees and recommends encouraging them to voluntarily return home. The MNCL, on the other hand, protests the maltreatment of hundreds of Zairian refugees in Sudan, particularly in the region of Juba,

who have been asked by Sudanese authorities to return to Zaire and it demands

the release of the people arrested. [Text] [AB250918 Paris AFP in French

1135 GMT 24 Aug 81]

PARIS-PUBLISHED DAILY CLOSING--LE CONTINENT, the first inter-African daily, which was published in Paris, transmitted simultaneously to Abidjan and Dakar, and distributed throughout the African continent, announced yesterday that it was stopping publication. The daily had had to face technical difficulties Panwa the rigors of official or unofficial censorship which, according to Chief tor Justin Vieyra, frequently caused sales problems. [Text] [PM211001 Paris LE

MATIN in French 17 Sep 81 p 36]

cso: 4719/417



BULGARIAN RELIEF AID--The Bulgarian ambassador to Angola, Boyan Yordanov, yester- day delivered relief materials worth $300 million to the Angolan Red Cross secre- tary general. This is the first batch of relief materials donated by the Bulgarian Red Cross. [Excerpt] [AB191036 Luanda Domestic Service in French 1100 GMT 14

Sep 81]

CSO: 4719/417



MILITARY APPOINTMENTS--The National Executive Council's Permanent Committee today held its weekly meeting in Cotonou. The following appointments were approved by the committee: Director general of the National Defense Ministry--Lt Col Pierre Koffi; director of studies and planning--Maj Leopold Awoya; chief of defense

staff of the National Armed Forces--Col Barthelemy Ohouens; deputy chief of defense staff--Col Victor Rodrigues; army chief of staff--Lt Col Amadou Mamadoubou;

deputy army chief of staff--Lt Col Michel Alladaye. [Cotonou Domestic Service

in French 1930 GMT 16 Sep 81]

CSO: 4719/421


CORRUPTION CALLED 'ENDEMIC AT ALL LEVELS’ AB201215 Paris AFP in English 1103 GMT 20 Sep 81 {Report by Bernard Degioanni]

[Text] Ndjamena, 20 Sep (AFP)--After more than 20 vears of a bitter struggle for power in Chad among various factions who have had no time to exploit the country's mineral wealth one thing counts among the divided rulers--money.

Where it comes from is usually immaterial, and local people more or less expect those in power to apply a get rich quick philosophy. As a result corruption is endemic at all levels of society.

More than half the population earns less than $30 a month, while a minister in the Transitional Government of National Unity (GUNT) is paid only $900, scarcely twice the salary of an ordinary civil servant.

At the top is President Goukouni Oueddei, and his example is often cited in Ndjamena. A former post office worker in the provinces, his political career began when he allegedly embezzled $100 or so and fled into the bush. We have given up counting the number of men who became ministers after taking to the bush, one Chadian commented.

But local people are well aware that they have to pay for most of the corruption in public life, and their concern is fully shared by the humanitarian organisations trying to bring some sort of aid to the country.

Since all but sporadic fighting ended 10 months ago the Chadian GoVernment has been grabbing the money or gifts that is meant for the good of the population and not bothering how we do our job. The word cooperation has really no meaning for politicians here, an official of one of the organisations looking after refugees said.

The general public in Ndjamena is now resentful of the Libyan presence in Chad-- summoned by President Goukouni to defeat his rebei former Defence Minister Hissein Habre--as the promises of Libyan leader Mu‘ammar al-Qadhdhafi of aid to rebuild the shattered capital remain unfulfilled.

Libyan methods seem designed to aggravate this discontent. Aid is there, and more of it than the GUNT cares to admit, but it is supplied to individual ministries instead of to the government as a whole, encouraging factionalism and giving a hold over senior officials.

Tripoli has never revealed how much it gives to Chad, but it turms a blind eye if money for a specific purpose somehow goes astray. For example, last March Libya agreed to pay civil service salaries for 6 months, but only 2 months pay has actually filtered through to the recipients.

Angry doctors at the hospital here went on strike in a bid to obtain their pay, but soon called off their action for humanitarian reasons and also because they could find no one to whom they could put their demands.

Empty pay packets also caused a mutiny among the Chadian Armed Forces (FAT) loyal to GUNT Vice-president Col Abdel Kadex Wadel Kamougue. As a result three senior officers were arrested for alleged embezzlement.

The only ministry which does some sort of a jcb is Social Services, for a simple reason: The United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF) pays the officials, draws up the programmes and pays out benefits to families and others in need.

Even the 1,500 or so young men aged between 18 and 25 who lost one or sore limbs in the civil war can find themselves suffering from the avarice of tl. ir leaders.

While the Catholic mission here can make artificial legs for $72 each and charges the wearer just over $5, the Health Ministry wants to order 1,500 limbs from West Germany at more than $3,600 each through an international organisation. The advantage for the ministry is a direct grant from the organisation of nearly

$5.5 million, while the Catholic centre would only need some $105,000.

Apparently to show its annoyance at such drastic undervutting the ministry is now blocking delivery to the Catholic centre of machine-tools, a gift from the Inter- national Red Cross.

CSO: 4700/518



BATTLE VICTORIES--On 16 September the heroic fighters of the Tigre People's Libera- tion Front [TPLF] launched an attack on the Derg force at Bala. In the 4-hour battle, the heroic TPLF fighters killed 69, wounded 10 and captured 25 enemy soldiers, thereby completely wiping out the infantry unit of the Derg 30th mech- anized brigade that had been stationed there. The TPLF fighters also captured

84 (?light) and medium weapons, quantities of ammunition and grenades, medicine and foodstuffs. In another development, the TPLF fighters, on 13 September attacked a Derg force at Debri, 4 kms away from Mekele, during which 72 Derg soldiers were killed and 43 others were wounded. In an attempt to rescue its attacked force, the Derg had bombed the area with helicopters. Apart from killing one peasant and wounding seven others, the helicopter raid did not inflict any casualties on the TPLF fighters. On 15 September, the TPLF fighters attacked a Derg military convoy at Belesa, between the towns ot Aksum and Shire, and killed or wounded several soldiers. [Text] [EA201528 (Clandestine) Voice of the Broad Masses of Eritrea in Amharic 0500 GMT 20 Sep 81]

CSO: 4503/13



COOPERATION WITH BELGIUM DISCUSSED--Robert Urbain, the Belgian foreign trade minister who has been visiting our country for 3 days now, will today have dis- cussions with Leon Mbeiame, the prime minister and head of government and President El Hadj Omar Bongo. Yesterday morning, he held a working session with the first vice prime minister, Georges Rawiri. The meeting was also attended by the experts of the two delegations. The meeting centered around cooperation between Gabon

and Belgium in the sectors of transport and merchant navy. It will be recalled that Georges Rawiri visited Belgium in May of this year. On the occasion, First Vice Prime Minister Georges Rawiri and the Belgian minister examined issues relating to Belgian participation in the construction of the Gabonese (?ports authority). During yesterday's working session, the two ministers examined ways and means of intensifying Belgian-Gabonese cooperation in fields of maritime transportation and railroad development, as well as in the ports and urban development sectors. [Text] [AB221217 Libreville Domestic Service in French

0600 GMT 22 Sep 81]

CsoO: 4719/417



BOYCOTT OF U.S. OLYMPICS--The OAU has called on member countries to boycott all sporting activities involving the United States for hosting the South African rugby team, the Springboks. The United States is holding the 1984 Olympic games in Los Angeles and, in a comment, the GHANAIAN TIMES says if a boycott of the Moscow Olympics in 1980 made sense to many countries, then a boycott of the games in Los Angeles over an illegitimate American position on South Africa will make sense in many more countries. To the paper, the decision gives the Reagan adminis- tration the first real idea of Africa's uncompromising mood over the Southern African liberation question. For soon enough, President Reagan will come to realize that although most African governments do want aid badly, they will not

go down with their dignity and self-respect. This is because member countries share a strong sense of continental dignity. The TIMES says the Reagan adminis- tration has been inclined to believe mistakenly that it can get away with its stepped up support for South Africa. It may aswell have been misinterpreting its good relations with individual African countries betieving that it can get away with its wrong Southern African policy. But the paper warns President Reagan's African foreign policymakers not to forget one important factor which has kept

the OAU together: a strong common sense of continental dignity which sustains each member's sense of national self-respect. [Excerpt] [AB210829 Accra Domestic Service in English 0700 GMT 21 Sep 81]

GOVERNMENT PROJECTS BUDGET LOSSES--The government is to lose about 492.83 million cedis in revenue in the current year, as a result of Parliament's amendment to

the 1981-82 budget proposals. This is contained in a report on a research con- ducted by the Ghana News Agency into details of the government's revenue proposals presented to Parliament as against cuts made by the house during its last session. The report explained that government, in its original budget proposals for the year, sought to raise a revenue of 6.3 billion cedis. It also appropriated for 10.37 billion cedis to finance government's outlay for the fiscal year. An over- all deficit arising out of the proposals was estimated at 4.24 billion cedis.

The government also proposed to finance the overall budget deficit through floating of bonds by the Central Bank, the Bank of Ghana. According to the report, it was found that as against a loss in revenue of about 492.83 million cedis, only a savings of 220 million cedis was made in expenditures. This means that the original budget deficit of 4.2 billion cedis has been increased by 272.83 million cedis. The report said the resolution by Parliament to authorize the Bank of Ghana to float shares to finance the budget deficit also (?reduced) the 4.2 billion cedis proposed by the government to only 3 billion cedis, thus aggravating the situation. [Text] [AB200926 Accra Domestic Service in English 0600 GMT 21 Sep 81]

CSO: 4700/516


CITIZENS EXPRESS CONCERNS TO PARTY DELEGATION AB210948 Abidjan Domestic Service in French 0645 GMT 21 Sep 81

[Excerpts] A delegation of the political bureau yesterday held more than 3 hours of discussions with the militants of Treichville who expressed to the party's cadres their present concerns. These meetings organized by the party are aimed at giving real meaning to the party's basic organs by holding meetings and con- tinuing the process of the democratization and dialogue initiated during the last congress. The delegation of the political bureau explained this democracy and dialogue: this means that at the level of the surburd or village committee all the people should meet and discuss the nation's major problems. Suggestions are then transmitted to the higher body of the party in this sector.

The party's delegation asked the Treichville militants to clearly express them- selves on the problems facing them in their everyday lives. Many people stood up to speak and all of them expressed their concerns, namely increasing banditry; the permeability of the nation's borders; the ever-increasing cost of living, rent; corruption in the civil service; high cost of education in the country.

The Treichville militants did not hide anything from the party's cadres. They spoke on and denounced anything that affects their everyday lives and the execu- tive committee took good note while the minister of defense assured the militants that their complaints will be transmitted to the party's chairman. But he pointed it out to his listeners that times are hard, the high cost of living is caused

by the world economic crisis which affects every country. For the minister, the only solution to this is to confer together within the party's bodies, because, according to him, street discussions are not useful and their solutions are dangerous.

The minister concluded that in spite of the present solution we should not lose

hope. We can count on the future exploitation of the nation's resources. The party will ensure that all militants will enjoy the fruits of these resources.

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COOPERATION TALKS WITH SENEGAL END AB182205 Abidjan Domestic Service in French 2000 GMT 18 Sep 81

[Text] The sixth Ivorian-Senegalese joint cooperation commission ended last night. At the end of their meeting a final communique was issued. What is to be remembered from this communique is the desire on both sides to strengthen the bonds of cooperation between the two countries. The points on their agenda were examined meticulously.

Thus the two parties hope to exchange information in the administrative and legal fields. Concerning economy and industry, the Ivory Coast and Senegal will pool their efforts for a balanced development in these sectors. Raw materials and industrial products will benefit from this policy, which will also be extended

to the creation of joint venture industrial units.

It was also agreed to strengthen the links between national companies of both countries in the field of transport and telecommunications. Studies will be carried out for the improvement of maritime research. On telecommunication, the Ivory Coast and Senegal will work together for construction of a regional satel- lite ("Afripra").

Cultural exchanges will also be initiated because the two parties have agreed

to create a seven-member committee to study a technical cooperation accord on teaching personnel. This committee will also examine the possibility of student exchange programs.

Finally, concerning information, an accord was signed between the Ivorian News Agency and the Senegalese News Agency.

CSO: 4719/416




[Excerpts] The 36th session of the International Coffee Board, which is now being held in London, has reached a deadlock particularly with respect to the problems concerning quota allocations for the next season and prices.

It should be said that for the first time in the history of the International Coffee Board sessions, there are a large number of African ministers (a total of 8). Even Guinea, which produces only 2 thousand tons, sent its minister of agri- culture to lend its support to the African producers, especially our country.

There is, therefore, a great deal at stake and, one can easily understand Bra Kanon's [Ivorian minister of agriculture] appeal to all producers, be they from Africa or elsewhere, "that the statements on the expected deficits may be made for the sake of solidarity." This is an appeal for understanding and assistance from each and every one of us to give full dynamism to our organization while imparting to it a greater solidarity based on the oft cited notion of the fair sharing of sacrifices."

Minister Bra Kanon hoped that the consumers would not consider the distribution of the global quota the sole responsibility of the producers. 'We know the volume of the responsibilities they have in this connection. Furthermore, our interests are inseparable by virtue of the international economic and political conventions incumbent upon us, including the international coffee agreement."

The minister said to this effect that the proposal of the producers contained

in a document drawn up on 10 September should attract the attention of our con- sumer partners whose total cooperation is desirable. "By introducing a link between quantity and price this document tends to establish a balance which is more than a quota since it will enable the drawing up of a real policy of produc- tion and prices, as soon as it is adopted, without which any action taken within the framework of this accord would be doomed to failure."

Bra Kanon appeals to all "at a time when simultaneous actions are being undertaken in Paris and the United Nations in favor of less developed countries and also at the UN General Assembly in New York and very soon at the Cancun Summit in Mexico, and at a time when authorized voices are being raised and will be raised in favor of North-South dialogue at the level of nations, to do everything possible to make the 36th session of our organization's council the proof of equity, mutual under- standing, and international cooperation..."


* e

After reasserting the faith of African producers inthe accord which our country helped to draw up, Bra Kanon, however, disclosed the insufficiencies detected in the quota system included in this accord which was drawn up in October 1980.

For the chairman of the IACO, in spite of the successive corrective measures taken and the complementary arrangements made producers have experienced the stabilization of prices at the lowest level and below the established limits. (The average approved price since the last meeting is 104 cents.)

In addition, Bra Kanon said the African and Malagasy Coffee Organization, OAMCAF, to which the Ivory Coast belongs, will be obliged this year to withhold inventory at an unprecedented level. In this regard it is convenient to point out that 22 percent of the total increase in inventory exporting members were borne by the OAMCAF out of which 14 percent was borne by the Ivory Coast alone. In comparison, this relative variation in inventory represented only 2 to 8 percent for the majority of other member countries of the International Coffee Organization subject to a basic quota.

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RADIO SCORES REUTER REPORT ON COFFEE PRODUCTION AB230712 Abidjan Domestic Service in French 2000 GMT 22 Sep 81

[Text] In a Reuter report dated 21 September, some coffee dealers have reportedly stated that during the next coffee season--December to April--Ivory Coast's pro- dyction might fall by 20 percent in comparison with the 361,000 tons produced during the 1980-81 season.

This doubtful information is only one more attempt to jeopardize and exert an influence on the negotiations on quotas going on in London now to the detriment

of the Ivory Coast. It must be recalled that contrary to inaccurate information rumored about last year, the Ivory Coast scored a record production of 3.5 million bags.

There are objective reasons for Ivory Coast's increasing coffee production. These include the setting up of five decorticators ensuring from 5 to 10 percent profit to each plant, the reconversion of old farms, the introduction several years ago

of a policy aimed at cutting back old plants, the maintaining of guaranteed revenues for farmers all over the country every season, the efficient action of training and counseling services such as the SATMACI [Technical Assistance Company for the Agricultural Modernization of the Ivory Coast]. Since the same causes produce the same effects, we can state that the hypothetical effects of the climate in the eastern region of the country and those of the coffee vegetative cycle

will not have the reported adverse effects on Ivory Coast's coffee production.

Meanwhile, the alleged diplomatic sources and other traders who might stil’--through ignorance or dishonesty--have doubt about the physical existence of the Ivorian stocks of coffee, are invited to get in touch with the fund for the stabilization and support of agricultural prices instead of making speculations. The fund will give them first-hand information.

In conclusion and given the above-mentioned details, the minister of agriculture categorically denies the Reuter report.

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OIL EXPLORATION AGREEMENT~-The president of the republic signed an agreement in Yamoussoukro yesterday for sea and land oil exploration in the Ivory Coast. The agreement was signed with Agip-Africa, head of the consortium comprising the Ivorian Government, the Ivorian Petroleum Company, the Union Texas Petroleum Corporation and Total. The consortium will begin work before the end of the year. The first area to be explored is situated to the right of the Vridi Canal. [Text] [A4B140902 Abidjan Domestic Service in French 0645 GMT 14 Sep 81]

CSO: 4719/416



EXCHANGE PROGRAMS WITH SOMALIA--Kenya and Somalia today agreed to start exchanges of radio programs between the two nations in order to foster economic, cultural and social cooperation. This is among the points agreed upon at the official talks this morning between the Kenyan minister of information and broadcasting, Mr Peter Oloo Aringo, and his Somali counterpart, Dr Muhammad Adan Shaykh. Mr Aringo is currently in Mogadishu leading a Kenyan Government delegation for talks with Somali Government officials. The two ministers agreed to carry out exchanges of films and to encourage visits by journalists of both countries, as weil as enhancing closer cooperation between the official Kenyan news agency and the Somali news agency. Somalia requested Kenya to assist in the training of radio producers and journalists at the Kenya Institute of Mass Communications. They agreed that following the unanimous agreement by the two heads of state, His Excellency President Daniel arap Moi and President Muhammad Said Barre, it was now up to the ministers from the two neighboring nations to work out ways and means of establishing practical cooperation for the benefit of the two peoples. [Text] [LD142007 Nairobi Domestic Service in English 1800 GMT 14 Sep 81]

CSO: 4700/5008



HIGH COURT S'JSPENDS HEARINGS INDEFINITELY AB102036 Monrovia Radio ELWA in English 1900 GMT 10 Sep 81

[Text] The People's Supreme Tribunal, which is the highest civilian court in the Republic of Liberia, has suspended hearings indefinitely effective Wednesday, 2 September, because of alleged harassment and molestation of members of the court. Justice Sifa A. Mabuden, acting presiding judge of the tribunal in the absence

of the tribunal's chairman, Emmanuel (Gboessi), told members of the National Bar Association yesterday, Wednesday, that the tribunal will not resume session until the judiciary can operate without fear and molestation.

The People's Supreme Tribunal was established last year by the People's Redemption Council [PRC] following the April 12 coup when the Liberian Constitution was suspended and all political activities forbidden. Explaining the reasons for the closure of the tribunal chambers yesterday, Justice Mabuden said on Wednesday,

2 September, orders were given for his arrest to be taken dead or alive. He said he was not in court at the time, so his secretaries were arrested and brutalized. He said he himself was iater arrested and his home looted as well as the Temple

of Justice [word indistinct].

The tribunal justice added that the soldiers had acted allegedly upon the orders of the deputy PRC speaker, William (S. Gor), but after contacting the deputy speaker, Lt Col (Gor) denied any knowledge of the arrest or harassment of the chambers members. Judge Mabuden told the [word indistinct] court yesterday that certain litigants and armed soldiers were responsible for the unhappy events at the Supreme Tribunal and he said such people were carrying false information to PRC officials. He said at times such officials wanted decisions in their favor on cases concerning them or their connections, even without trial. As a result, he said, some armed soldiers and security officers arrested judicial officials, hunted and attempted to imprison them as well as the judge of the tribunal chamber, only because the judge tried to do his job legally.

Judge Mabuden stressed therefore that until this practice was stopped, the tribunal will not resume sessions.

cso: 4700/509




AMBASSADOR'S REMARKS ON USSR RELATIONS--Liberia's ambassador accredited to the Soviet Union, Francis T. Petiquoi, has said that the cordial relations existing between Liberia and the Soviet Union will continue to grow in an atmosphere of peace and mutual trust. A Foreign Ministry release issued in Monrovia yesterday said Ambassador Petiquoi made the statement 2 days ago, that was on Friday, in Moscow when he presented his letters of credence to Mr P.Q. (Gotsmilev), deputy chairman of the USSR Presidium, [name and title as heard] at the Kremlin. The release further quoted Ambassador Petiquoi as saying that the principal objective of the Liberian Government is to construct a society based on social justice, peace, equality, freedom and human dignity. [Text] [AB131332 Monrovia Radio ELWA in English 1200 GMT 13 Sep 81]

SELLING PRICE OF RICE--The People's Redemption Council, with the approval of its chairman, the head of state, Samuel Doe, has decided that the present consignment TL 84.480 [as heard] rice on the market would be sold at $24 instead of $27 originally recommended by the Ministry of Commerce. According to a release from the executive mansion yesterday, Commerce Minister E. Twegby has been directed to make the consignment available on the market immediately. [Text] [AB191424 Monrovia Radio ELWA in English 1200 GMT 19 Sep 81]

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MAROVOAY MOSLEMS--An evening gathering of representatives of all Islamic congre- gations took place in the second city of Boina (Marovoay) on 14 August to meet transitting Adriatomanga Haji Sulaiman, representative of the Islamic Call Association, headquartered in Tripoli, Libya. Haji Sulaiman stressed the need for unity and cooperation among all Moslems and praised Malagasy Moslems, especially those of the Marovoay. He said that the association would help all who were willing to unite and he emphasized the need to use every cultural means to save the souls of young Moslems who often lacked conviction. On 15 August, he met with the Sunni congregation which announced its decision to establish a Koranic school, with Muwalimu Madj Bakary as instructor. [Tananarive MADAGASCAR- MATIN in French 1 Sep 81 pp 1, 2]

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TRAORE COMMENTS ON RELATIONS WITH UNITED STATES AB182105 Bamako Domestic Service in French 1500 GMT 18 Sep 81

[Excerpts] The new ambassador of the United States of America to Mali, His Excellency Mr Parker W. Borg presented his credentials this morning at 1100 hours to the president of the Republic, Gen Moussa Traore. The American ambassador declared that he was very honored to be chosen to represent his country in Mali adding that he was glad for the opportunity offered him to increase his knowledge of Mali. In reply to the new ambassador's speech, President Traore said:

{Begin recording] Mr Ambassador, it is with real pleasure that I am receiving the letters by which His Excellency Mr Konald Reagan, president of the United States, accredits you to me as ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary simultaneously with the letter recalling your predecessor. Your Excellency, kindly accept our wishes of welcome and warm congratulations for the confidence thus placed in you. We are already convinced that your deep knowledge of Africa in general and Mali

in particular, as well as your eminent qualities, will enable you to discharge with happiness the mission with which you have presently been entrusted. In any case, you have now been offered the opportunity to come and live our realities, to better grasp our problems and aspirations and to contribute directly to their solution and achievement. Our problems as you are aware, are underdevelopment drought, a landlocked situation, racism and apartheid. As you emphasized, Your Excellency, your country is counted among those who have given precious assistance to the Sahel countries, of which Mali is one, in order to help them to face up

to the serious consequences of the drought calamity. Our people, who highly appreciate this mark of solidarity, are deeply grateful. The plague has indeed come to stay in our Sahel area and, more than ever, the assistance which is given us must not only be maintained but also strengthened.

Concerning Mali in particular, the United States is making great efforts in tie reconstruction of our livestock, decimated by these long years of drought, and

in the development of our sorely tried agriculture. Of course, our desire is that we continue together the work already undertaken. Mr Ambassador, a while ago,

you mentioned the burning problems confronting Africa. On the issue of Namibia we want to stress that only a just and equitable solution which takes into account the legitimate aspirations of the Namibian people and SWAPO, its sole and genuine representative, can lead to peace and stability in this martyr region of our continent. In fact, the relevant resolutions of the United Nations organization ought to be implemented with rigor.


Concerning the Western Sahara, the last minutes of the OAU, held in Nairobi, laid the foundation stone for the just settlement of the question. It would now be fitting for all sides to contribute to the application of the settlement process.

And finally on Chad; we will not spare any efforts to contribute to regaining

a lasting peace, concord and stability in this country. Mr Ambassador, our country is highly desirous of further strengthening the happy ties of friendship and coopera- tion existing between the United States of America and the Republic of Mali.

I can also assure you that you will always get from our government and myself all

the available means and necessary support for the happy accomplishment of your mission.

While wishing you much success in the execution of your new duties, Your Excellency, I would like you to convey to His Excellency President Ronald Reagan my best wishes for his personal happiness and the prosperity of all the American people. Thank

you. {End recording]

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PRESIDENT TRAORE ADDRESSES DIPLOMATIC CORPS AB211830 Bamako Domestic Service in French 1500 GMT 21 Sep 81

[Excerpts] Tomorrow will be observed as the 2lst anniversary of our country's independence. On this occasion, the diplomatic corps this morning presented their good wishes to the head of state, Gen Moussa Traore, in the presence of the members of the Central Executive Bureau of the Malian People’s Democratic Union, cabinet members, members of the Parliament Bureau, secretaries general of the Malian Workers Union, the National Union of Malian Youth, and the president of the National Union of Malian Women. On behalf of his fellow ambassadors, the dean of the diplomatic corps, Mauritanian Ambassador Taki Ould Sidi, presented their good wishes to the head of state.

In his address to the diplomats, President Moussa Traore said: Your presence among us is a proof of the good relations existing between Mali and the countries and organizations which you represent, and your common determination to further strengthen these relations.

{Begin Moussa Traore recording] Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen, I am very touched by the most kind words spoken by the dean of the diplomatic corps on your behalf, and by your good wishes on the occasion of the celebration of the 21st anniversary of our independence.

This year's celebration will be devoted to reflection and responsible participation by all active elements in the national construction task. I take this opportunity to reiterate the friendship and esteem of the Malian people, their party and government to you all. Your presence among us is a proof of the good relations existing between Mali and the countries and organizations which you represent, and your common determination to strengthen these relations furthermore.

Mr Dean, you have just pointed out the efforts which the Malian people, their party and government are making to cope with the conseque’ ces of the